I looked at page 965, expecting to see that Votives were in principle forbidden on weekdays in Lent (see the corresponding rubric on page 1,000); but I see nothing positive or negative about Votives in Lent! Have I missed something?
A reader asked me ... I had wondered myself ... what colour the Votive of the Five Wounds should have. In the Rubrical Directory, Masses of the Passion are to be in Red, which makes obvious sense; but in the Old Roman Rite the Mass Humiliavit of the Lord's Passion (from which the Mass of the Five Wounds borrows most of its texts) is to be in Violet.
Magic! The endlessly knowledgeable and resourceful Rubricarius produced for me Burns and Oates ORDOs for 1898 and 1908, which make it clear that the Five Wounds are indeed celebrated in Red. With thanks to him, I pass on this information to readers for whom it is relevant.
Back in those more ample days before S Pius X took a pair of very sharp scissors to the Calendar, every Friday in Lent was observed, in all the Catholic dioceses of England, with a Feast thematically related to the Lord's Passion. The Five Wounds came on the Friday after Lent III. They were all Greater Doubles. And they were in Red vestments.
2 January 2016
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St. Pius X: the first modernist Pope?
Fr do you know what the other Friday Votives were?
(Decree of 1883 for the Dioceses of England)
Septuagesima - of the Prayer of O.L.J.C.*
Sexagesima - of the Holy Passion of O.L.J.C.*
Quinquagesima - of the Holy Crown of Thorns of O.L.J.C.**
Lent I - of the Holy Lance and Nails of O.L.J.C.
Lent II - of the Holy Shroud of O.L.J.C.
Lent III - of the Holy Five Wounds of O.L.J.C.
Lent IV - of the Precious Blood of O.L.J.C.
*In the General collection of votives these were said on the Tuesdays after these Sundays
** On the Tuesday after Quinquagesima was said the Mass of the Holy Pillar of the Scourging
Also in several German dioceses, in the time before Pius X started his reforms, special feasts of the Passion of our Lord were oberserved as Duplex Maior, as follows:
Tuesday after Septuagesimae
Orationis D.N.I.Chr. in Monte Oliveti
(with the Vespers Hymn Aspice ut Verbum patris)
Tuesday after Sexagesimae
Commemoratio Passionis D.N.I.Chr.
(with the Vespers Hymn Moerentes oculi, spargite lacrimas)
Friday after Ash Wednesday
SS. Spineae Coronae D.N.I.Chr.
(with vespers hymn Exite, Sion filiae)
Friday after 1st Sunday in Lent
Lanceae et Clavorum D.N.I.Chr.
(with vespers hymn Quaenam lingua tibi, o lancea, debitas
grates pro merito est apta respondere)
Friday after 2nd Sunday in Lent
SS. Sindonis D.N.I.Chr.
(with vespers hymn Gloriam sacrae celebremus omnes Sindonis)
Friday after 3rd Sunday in Lent
SS. Quinque Vulnerum D.N.I.Chr.
(with vespers hymn Pangue lingua gloriosi lauream certaminis)
Friday after 4th Sunday in Lent
Pretiosissimi Sanguinis D.N.I.Chr. (same as 1st Sunday in July, with commemoration of the lenten day)
(vespers hymn Festivis resonent compita vocibus)
Friday after Passion Sunday
Septem Dolorum B.M.V.
(with the Stabat mater)
and also at some places as Dupl. 2nd class on the
Friday after White Sunday
Lanceae et Clavorum D.N.I.Chr.
(with the vespers hymn Pange lingua gloriosae Lanceae praeconium)
With the exception of the Septem Dolorum B.M.V. all these feasts have gone.
Which matins and lauds hymns were prescribed in the German breviaries for these feasts?
The Franciscan's had a Mass, Votive I think, The Mysteries of the Way of the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, Double of the Second Class; Franciscan Missal, which would seem to be a good addition to the list. I have it if anyone is interested.
Dear Stephen Barber,
unfortunately, my little Latin/German vesper booklet of 1910 (Schott Vesperale, issued by Herder Verlag, Freiburg)is providing only the vesper hymns. However, you could refer to the indications at
and the following pages on that webside where you find more information about the hymns, also for matins and lauds, based on the Roman Antiphonale 1912, Pro aliq. locus.
I do not own yet a breviary printed in Germany of the times before Pius X. If I find one in the Internet, I will look.
Dear Stephen Barber
While the Roman Antiphonale 1912 (online) has the Lauds and Vespers texts, the Matins texts are not easy to find, the Translation of the Breviary by the Marquess of Bute, gives most of the Matins texts. For the one of the Feast an old issue of the Tablet has the first line of the Matins hymn but no more.
As for the German breviary we have a problem, the above feasts historically have had more than one version of the Office. For at least one part of Germany other texts than those found in the Roman Antiphonal are used.
One day a more complete post, with music will appear on the blog.
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