Today is the anniversary of the day, in 1348, when Pope Clement particularly named the Jews in one of his decrees.
During the Black Death, in many parts of Europe there were massacres of Jewish populations because of popular beliefs that they had poisoned the wells. Clement VI declared the Jews to be under his particular protection and pronounced excommunications against anybody who should molest them. He wellcomed them into the Papal States. Possibly ... I refer to a recent query of mine ... this is why there was to be a happy and clearly prosperous Hebrew congregation in Avignon (h/t to Dr Cotton).
(Perhaps, off at a bit of a tangent, one might recall here the establishment by Benedict XIV of a Commission which investigated the 'Blood Libel' and found the narratives to be foundationless.)
The question rumbles on about Pius XII and the Jews. Although he undoubtedly took vigorous practical steps to protect the Jewish population of Rome itself ... although through his diplomatic network he did his best to defend them elsewhere ... although he uttered loud condemnations of those who persecuted "others on no other ground than their racial identity" ... he never precisely named-and-shamed by saying "I condemn the German state apparatus for exterminating the Jews".
I read the other day that PF is the only major "World Leader" who has not spoken out with specificity and clarity about the persecution of China's Moslem populations.
Could this be because he knows that brave and heroic words on his part might have unfortunate impacts upon Catholics in China?
Plus ca change ...