5 March 2014

Of no particular interest

I ran, yesterday afternoon, into Henry Bradshaw and one or two other friends, knowledgeable chaps, and thought I'd see if they knew anything about the dates of the entry of the Mass of the Five Wounds into medieval Missals. Apparently the Hereford Missal, which achieved a printed edition in 1502, lacked this Mass. But there is a manuscript version which has it copied in by a later hand at the end, together with the Sarum introduction about Pope Boniface. And, as in Sarum, it is associated with that other exemplar of late medieval Christological affection, the Mass of the Holy Name.

York was more interesting - my chum Surtees came up with the facts. It has the Mass of the Five Wounds in editions printed in 1509, 1516, 1517, 1530, 1533. However, it is not in the (earlier) manuscript versions of the Missal except ... get this ... that there's a nice ms at Stonyhurst, which Surtees says is from the second half of the fifteenth century, which has it written ... but left unfinished ... on an outside folio.

But it was Henry Bradshaw himself who knocked me for six. You see, I'd always assumed that the Mass of the Five Wounds was an adapted, augmented, version of an earlier Mass  de Passione Domini, still preserved in the Missal of S Pius V. Well, as Henry makes clear, neither the Mass of the Five Wounds nor the Mass de Passione Domini was in the (Milanese) 1474 editio princeps of the Missale Romanum. Nor in 1481, 1485, or 1493 editions. But the Mass of the Five Wounds appears in a 1505 edition from Venice and also in Venetian editions of 1508, 1509, 1543, 1558, 1560, and 1561, and Parisian editions of 1515, 1530, and 1540. (A Lyons edition of 1516; two Venetian editions of 1558 and 1560 from the same House; and a 1574 edition from Antwerp, do not have it.) And all these also do not contain de Passione Domini)

So, in a very crude, prima facie sort of way, one might tentatively wonder if de Passione Domini is a chopped down version of the Mass of the Five Wounds, rather than the original from which it is developed..

Can anyone fill in some prehistory here? I am beginning to wonder if the Mass of the Five Wounds (and its putative spin-off de Passione Domini) is even later than I had guessed.

BTW, another learned friend - not Bradshaw or Surtees - says that the Mass of the Five Wounds is not in the Nidaros Missal, which would strengthen the point made on an earlier thread by 'Ben': that physical evidence of the cult of the Five Wounds in Kirkwall Cathedral inclines one to guess that Sarum had, by the end of the Middle Ages, replaced Nidaros in the Orkneys.

7 comments:

Christopher said...

What distinguished company you keep, Father! I wonder how many of your readers share with me the honour of being a member of Henry Bradshaw's learned Society?

A little digging revealed that the Mass Humiliavit is already included in the Dominican missal printed in Venice in 1484. Furthermore it is contained in the printed missal of Rouen (Rouen, 1495); the latter inclusion may of course be due to English influence earlier in the century. I shall try to discover how far back these can be traced.

Turning to less reliable sources, I see that the Catholic Encyclopaedia rather uncertainly credits John XXII (1334) or Innocent VI (1362) with the provision of an indulgence for the Mass. I wonder whether anyone might perhaps be able to trace documentation of this?

Fr John Hunwicke said...

Thanks. One query: do you mean Humiliavit with the phrases specifically referring to the Five Wounds (Sarum), or - as in the S Pius V Missal - without them?

Christopher said...

Sorry, I should have been clearer. Yes, both Masses share Sarum's the distinctive collect and are prefaced by the rubric missa de quinque vulneribus DNJC.

Society of St. Bede said...

The following may be of interest,
From Hymni Eccelsiae, 1865

The following feast can be found, in the section on the Paris Breviary, pg 68.
FESTO QUINQUE PLAGARUM CHRISTI. Feria Sexta post Cineres.

What propers were used for this feast? The Hymns are different from the feast recently found in the Roman Antiphonal,
SS. Quinque Vulnerum D. N. Jesu Christi. Feria VI post Dom III Quadragesimae.

N.B. Hymni Ecclesiae is online as part of the Internet Archive.

Transalpine Redemptorists said...

Thank you for this information Father! All of it is of particular on-going interest! Br. Martin Mary was making further enquiries on the subject yesterday. Devotedly, Fr Michael Mary, F.SS.R.

Anthony Howe said...

I have a 1494 Missale Cenomanense (Le Mans) and the Mass of the Five Wounds is included.

Anthony Howe said...

I have a 1494 Missale Cenomanense (Le Mans) and the Mass of the Five Wounds is included.