I ran, yesterday afternoon, into Henry Bradshaw and one or two other friends, knowledgeable chaps, and thought I'd see if they knew anything about the dates of the entry of the Mass of the Five Wounds into medieval Missals. Apparently the Hereford Missal, which achieved a printed edition in 1502, lacked this Mass. But there is a manuscript version which has it copied in by a later hand at the end, together with the Sarum introduction about Pope Boniface. And, as in Sarum, it is associated with that other exemplar of late medieval Christological affection, the Mass of the Holy Name.
York was more interesting - my chum Surtees came up with the facts. It has the Mass of the Five Wounds in editions printed in 1509, 1516, 1517, 1530, 1533. However, it is not in the (earlier) manuscript versions of the Missal except ... get this ... that there's a nice ms at Stonyhurst, which Surtees says is from the second half of the fifteenth century, which has it written ... but left unfinished ... on an outside folio.
But it was Henry Bradshaw himself who knocked me for six. You see, I'd always assumed that the Mass of the Five Wounds was an adapted, augmented, version of an earlier Mass de Passione Domini, still preserved in the Missal of S Pius V. Well, as Henry makes clear, neither the Mass of the Five Wounds nor the Mass de Passione Domini was in the (Milanese) 1474 editio princeps of the Missale Romanum. Nor in 1481, 1485, or 1493 editions. But the Mass of the Five Wounds appears in a 1505 edition from Venice and also in Venetian editions of 1508, 1509, 1543, 1558, 1560, and 1561, and Parisian editions of 1515, 1530, and 1540. (A Lyons edition of 1516; two Venetian editions of 1558 and 1560 from the same House; and a 1574 edition from Antwerp, do not have it.) And all these also do not contain de Passione Domini)
So, in a very crude, prima facie sort of way, one might tentatively wonder if de Passione Domini is a chopped down version of the Mass of the Five Wounds, rather than the original from which it is developed..
Can anyone fill in some prehistory here? I am beginning to wonder if the Mass of the Five Wounds (and its putative spin-off de Passione Domini) is even later than I had guessed.
BTW, another learned friend - not Bradshaw or Surtees - says that the Mass of the Five Wounds is not in the Nidaros Missal, which would strengthen the point made on an earlier thread by 'Ben': that physical evidence of the cult of the Five Wounds in Kirkwall Cathedral inclines one to guess that Sarum had, by the end of the Middle Ages, replaced Nidaros in the Orkneys.