16 October 2014

Two Williams, one cardinal's hat, one primatial cross

1594 was the year which saw a small but perfectly formed junior member of the University of Oxford swearing the necessary oaths of allegiance to the aging Elizabeth Tudor and of subscription to the formularies of the Church of England, and being admitted ad incipiendum as a Bachelor of Arts. He was the future Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud ... who was to be offered but never receive a Cardinal's hat. The same year, William Allen lay far from England on his death bed; he was a Cardinal Presbyter of the Holy Roman Church ... and, if the weather had been a little different in 1588, would almost certainly have been Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor of England. Allen, who had spent his life opposing Bloody Bess, was deemed by most of his fellow-countrymen a traitor and yet ... died in his bed. Laud, a figure of the Stuart Establishment ... died the death of a Martyr (cuius nomen/ Laudem sonat (felix omen/ ...). Today, 16 October, is the date of Allen's death; if you walk down the High and look at the preposterous Jacobethan facade of Oriel College ... er ... well, it's behind scaffolding and polythene at the moment, so you'll have to wait a bit  ... you will see a statue of Allen the 'traitor' looking cheerfully across at the baroque porch of the University Church with its statue of the Mother of God, set up in the 1630s at the instigation of the ... yes ... Laudian Church of England; a gracious, dare I suggest, prefiguring of the union between two traditions which was to be accomplished by the founding of our Ordinariate by Benedict XVI. Yet you will not find it easy to discover a statue of Laud, in Oxford or anywhere else, despite the fact that his diminutive stature would have made it quite easy to tuck him in more or less anywhere. (Incidentally, if you pop round to the other side of the Rhodes Building in Oriel, you will see a statue of Blessed John Henry Newman.)

That North quadrangle of Oriel was the originally separate S Mary's Hall, associated with the incumbency of the University Church of S Mary on the opposite side of the High. William Allen, Proctor of the University, was Principal of that Hall. The accession of Anne Bullen's bastard daughter precipitated a major crisis at Oxford: pretty well every Head of House, and fifteen fellows of New College, were ejected and Protestant witnesses in 1559 and 1561 recorded that practically nobody could be found there who was sympathetic to the new regime. Allen went across to the Low Countries, part of the dominions of our late Sovereign Lord King Philip, who was at that very moment founding a Catholic University at Douay; there he eventually became Principal of the English College ("the first full-blown Tridentine seminary anywhere in Europe"*) and Regius Professor of Divinity. He was to spend most of his life plotting, politicking, and dodging Elizabeth Tudor's assassins; and, rather like Marcel Lefebvre, training clergy for a Catholic Restoration which he was never himself to see.

I don't know whether the main street at Douay had the sort of elegant curve of the High at Oxford, but walking down it in the 1560s must have been uncannily like walking down the High in the 1550s. You had a good chance of meeting more or less everybody you knew. Douay was the refuge of dozens of Catholic academics from Marian Oxford ... the Chancellor was Richard Smyth, who had been Vice Chancellor, a Head of House and Regius Professor at Oxford. At Douay resided the intellectual elite which Reginald Pole had gathered together for that English Counter-Reformation which so influenced reformers such as S Charles Borromeo, but which was never to be in England itself. "Moving into the wider world of Tridentine reform, they also brought it with them from Marian Oxford"*.

I trust that Reverend Fathers included William Allen in their Memento etiam this morning. But ... stay ... who am I to hector you ... I am arrogantly forgetting that many of you are yourselves alumni of Allen Hall in Chelsea, successor institution of the English College, Douay, and thus inheritor par excellence of the elite traditions of Marian Oxford and of Allen's life work. So of course you remembered him. It was, incidentally, a great privilege for us in the first 'wave' of Ordinariate clergy to be permitted to share that heritage with you. Thank you. I hope you will have no reason to regret that we have made our unworthy, ham-fisted way into your inheritance, and sit now at leisure under your mulberry tree. Ecce quam bonum et quam iucundum habitare fratres in unum.
*Duffy, Fires of Faith


John Hayes said...

Dear and Reverend Father,

As a teacher at St Edmund's College in Ware, Herts, I greatly enjoyed reading your piece about Cardinal Allen on his obit day. Allen Hall, Chelsea, is not the only successor of Douay. The seminary was at Old Hall Green, Ware, for most of its history after 1793, finally departing for Chelsea in 1975. You would be most warmly welcomed here should you care to visit. We have a splendid Pugin Chapel and a fine collection of Douay silver and books.

Your erudite blog is always a joy to read.

Yours devotedly,

John Hayes

peter edmunds said...

The Menology of St Edmund's College,Old Hall [1909] has a beautiful reading for today and in the commemorations it says: "In this house the pious memory of the Founder of Douay College,William Cardinal Allen, who on this day as a good and faithful servant entered into the joy of the Lord,in the year of Salvation 1594."His tomb was long honoured in the Church of the English college until it was destroyed by French troops in 1798.

Little Black Sambo said...

Bloody Bess? Anne Bullen's bastard daughter? Give us a break. Would you rather have had Mary Queen of Scots? Philip of Spain?

William Tighe said...

Certainly, the continuation of King Philip's reign would have been much preferable. The Scots queen, not so much. Queen Margaret I would, most likely, have been best of all.

Little Black Sambo said...

"Certainly"! It's as well to know these things.