17 June 2015

Departed Worlds??? (2)

In the matter of composing Latin, Frederic Charles Geary, 1886-1974, Fellow of Corpus Christi College in this University 1928-1952, definitely had Form and Previous. He was one of an active group of Oxford dons who gathered fortnightly to share and discuss their versions and compositions in Latin and Greek. In 1940 he had published Pelican [remember: he was a Corpus Christi don] Pie: Verses and Versions. The group was to publish in 1949 Some Oxford Compositions, and in 1964 More Oxford Compositions. In writing prose and verse in the Classical languages, these men were  using skills they had acquired at their English public schools and continued to use all their lives. (A generation before, Mgr Ronald Knox had printed Signa Severa in 1906 while still at Eton; he composed Latin, and Greek, and English prose and verse for five more deades, most notably in publishing the Fifth Book of Horace's Odes in 1920.)

Pelican Pie and Euchologium Anglicanum were, I think, the only volumes (both slender!) which Geary published. The German/American PhD and two-papers-a-year culture had not yet forced a bridgehead upon the banks of the Isis. In those days, dons had better things to do ... such as honing their hendecasyllables and sharing a love of of Classical literature with undergraduates. (One of Geary's Corpus colleagues, William Phelps, when asked by a German visitor why as a man of vast erudition he had 'produced' nothing, replied that he wished to keep his amateur status ... this was still the cricketing age of Gentlemen and Players!). Pelican Pie contained poems in some of the less easy metres of Horace; the politics of the previous decade led Geary to incorporate the names of the Foreign Secretary (Halifax, you will be relieved to hear, is an anapaest) and of foreign tyrants (Mussolini? You're right: a double trochee). I like to think that, if Hitler's invasion had ever happened, there would have been enough friendly former Rhodes Scholars in the German Administration to ensure the protection of Geary and his associates, whatever snide remarks they had concealed in lyric metres ... such is the international respublica litterarum. You know the Vides ut alta stet nive candidum Soracte story?

But what ... what on earth ... is the point of composing prose and verse in dead languages? Surely, such wasted time and effort can be no more than the irrelevant playground of a decadent governing elite? One member of Geary's group, T F Higham (Trinity), mounted a spirited and revealingly Utilitarian defence against this suspicion. He explained that verse composition does indeed "make possible the reading of classical texts with ease and correct understanding". As an example, he took the play Dyscolus of Menander, long lost, but a single tattered copy of which had recently been recovered from the sands of Egypt. This papyrus codex was rather the worse for wear; some parts were difficult to read; there were some worm holes; there were scribal errors. Out of the hundreds of emendations or supplements needed, the great majority was supplied by British academics, who,  Higham reminds us, "had practised verse-competition"!!

Such skills are not entirely dead in this city of Dreams and Lost Causes. On June 24, Mr Orator Jenkyns will delight the University at its Encaenia with accomplished and witty Latin Orations celebrating the individuals, the good and the bad (including, last year, Jefferts Schori and this year, Hilary Mantel) selected to receive honorary degrees. And your humble servant once preached the formal University Sermon in Latin. But ... well, consider this: one day when Geary had missed a seminar on Aeschylus as the result of having a tummy bug, he promptly sent an apology written in Aeschylean iambics which were described by a more recent Oxford academic as "such as few if any of us could compose now" (I most certainly couldn't). Like the world of Wallis's Lichfield Close, the Oxford of More Oxford Compositions and of Pelican Pie is, must we not concede, very nearly a Departed World???

In a final instalment, we shall look at one of Wallis's prayers; and at Geary's Latin translation of it.

4 comments:

Tee Pee Gee Eff said...

"one day when Geary had missed a seminar on Aeschylus" Was this the series of seminars led by Eduard Fraenkel, which led to his edition of the Agamemnon? I believe Fraenkel (exiled from Nazi Germany) introduced the concept of the seminar to Oxford.

Oliver Nicholson said...

Trinity High Table abandoned dressing for dinner on Sundays in 1971. The week after this the Scholars Table dressed and sent their elders and betters a suitably Ciceronian remonstrance. They responded with a bottle of champagne for us and some Sapphics composed on the spot by D.S. Raven (he of Latin Metre and Greek Metre, successor to T. Higham)". I cannot alas recall it all, but treasure the line "quibus apparatus displicet noster..."

Oliver Nicholson said...

Trinity High Table abandoned dressing for dinner on Sundays in 1971. The week after this the Scholars Table dressed and sent their elders and betters a suitably Ciceronian remonstrance. They responded with a bottle of champagne for us and some Sapphics composed on the spot by D.S. Raven (he of Latin Metre and Greek Metre, successor to T. Higham)". I cannot alas recall it all, but treasure the line "quibus apparatus displicet noster..."

Melinda said...

I believe that recent finds, like Oxyrhynchus and others, have shown time and time again that they filled in the lacunae correctly.